As with any mechanism, which is exposed to heavy wear, watches require a full going-over (service) at regular intervals. For wrist and pocket watches, manufactured before the 1980s, ideally a full service should be carried out every 5 years (at least). For Swiss mechanisms, the recommended servicing time interval is 2.5 – 3 years (at least), assuming that these mechanisms have a high swing rate (the pendulum oscillates on the axis more than once per minute) and that the oil within them quickly loses its viscosity. The aforementioned time frames are optimum for safeguarding watch mechanisms against any unwanted changes. In the case of watches in a more deteriorated condition, the repair process may also necessitate the use of spare parts to replace some of the most wear-prone components of the watch. The use of modern synthetic oils, developed especially for watches, is paramount to repair tasks, as is the use of cutting-edge equipment, capable of identifying problems at the diagnostic stage and enabling us to be certain of the achievable outcome following preventive action.